일 지역에서의 모유수유 저해요인에 관한 조사연구
- 일 지역에서의 모유수유 저해요인에 관한 조사연구
- Other Titles
- A Study on the perception of the impediment factors of Breastfeeding in Mothers
- Issue Date
- No. 2
- 본 연구는 울산 지역 산부들의 수유실태를 조사하고, 산부들이 인식하고 있는 모유수유 저해요인을 파악함으로써 산부들이 좀더 오랜 기간동안 모유수유를 효과적으로 실천할 수 있도록 지지해줄 수 있는 산전·산후 간호 중재를 위한 기초자료를 제공하는데 목적이 있다.
This study was undertaken to find out the perception of the impediment factors ＆ information about the performance of breast feeding in Mothers in Ulsan. The Subjects were 247 mothers of infants whose age were 4~18 months. The respondents were out-patient of pediatric department in a general hospital and well-baby clinic of one health center in Ulsan area. The data were collected with questionaires which were developed by researcher from October 15-30, 1997. The data were analyzed using spss/pc^(+) and descriptive statistics, X² test, ANOVA ＆ factor analysis The results of this study are as follows: 1) Among the respondents, 39.8% had continued breastfeeding up to 4 months(success group), 47.2% had discontinued breastfeeding before 4 months(failure group) and 13.0% had never tried breastfeeding for their baby(no trial group). 2) The significant differences between 3 groups were income(X²=25.96, P=.001), education for breastfeeding in the hospital(X²=7.87, P=.020), diseases with pregnancy/delivery(X²=7.25, P=.027), the mode of delivery(X²=7.71, P=.021), initiation of breast feeding(X²=2.53.97, P=.000), time of choosing the feeding type(X²=16.68, P=.002), and conditions of nipple(X²=12.16, P=.016). 3) Factor analysis suggested that the impediment factors on breast feeding were 15 factors. Highly perceived mean scores of the impediment factors on breast feeding were insufficient milk supply(2.34±1.11), hospital system ＆ practice(2.25±.95), lack of support by medical personnels(2.04±.75), and abscense of role model ＆ a psychological pressure(2.03±.93). 4) The significant differences between 3 groups were insufficient milk supply(F=12.43, P=.000), disinterested or refused the nipple(F=21.75, P=.000), diluted breast milk and loose stool(F=5.74, P=.049) and illness(F=7.96, P=.000).
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